Mission accomplished, Mr. Tusk, president of the EU council, twittered. The free trade agreement CETA has been signed on Sunday, October 30. The Belgian Region of Wallonia has given up its resistance. It obtained concessions for its farmers.
A safeguard clause should protect Belgian farmers from competition. In addition, the European Court should furnish an opinion on the controversial rules of the dispute settlement procedure between states and multinationals.
Many politicians and advisers are asking if the sharing of power by European regions and their parliaments is blessing or curse and puts it into question. Nicolai Ondarza, European expert at the Foundation for Science and Politics in Berlin, warns of over-extending a federative demand for power sharing. So, others do as well: Günther Öttinger, European Commissioner for Digital Economy and Society, stated that Europe turns out to be “heavily incapable of acting“.
The debate of Europe’s political structure is led by advocators of efficiency versus those supporting democratic legitimisation close to the people. This is just clear for Jean Claude Juncker, President of the European Commission, who mentioned: “We will have to consider in the future, (...) that we separate neatly from day one, what is part of EU competence and what should be left to be decided by national parliaments."
The debate continues.
How are TTIP and CETA implemented on European level?
Political key words are in focus of public debates, but there is little knowledge about the political EU mechanism behind it.
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